Contribution of Gandhian Thought to Corporate Responsibility

Main Article Content

Venkat Rao Pulla
Vinod Nayak
Keshav Walke

Abstract

Mahatma Gandhiji transformed contemporary capitalists amidst the criticism from leftist quarters that he was working for a compromise in the interests of the Indian bourgeoisie. The purpose of this paper is to present a forerunner of today’s conversations in the world about corporate social responsibility (CSR). Gandhiji not only befriended a number of businesspersons but also advised them to consider their role as a steward of their wealth and businesses that they held. We intend to substantiate his pious intentions derived from his understanding of Bhagavad Gita, which suggested to him that one could enjoy one’s acquired wealth by renouncing it. Persuaded by such moral disposition, Gandhiji argued that it is the surest method to evolve a new order of life of universal benefit of all people in the society as opposed to the order in which most of us live for ourselves without regard to what happens to our neighbour. The paper is based on archival materials representing his conceptualisation and acceptance of trusteeship and the collaborations of the capitalists that lived in his times. 

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Pulla, V. R., Nayak, V., & Walke, K. (2017). Contribution of Gandhian Thought to Corporate Responsibility. Space and Culture, India, 4(3), 7-18. https://doi.org/10.20896/saci.v4i3.246
Section
Special Articles

References

Arora, B. & Puranik, R. (2004). A Review of Corporate Social Responsibility in India. Development, 47(3), 93-100, DOI: 10.1057/palgrave.development.1100057
Balch, O. (2013, January 28). The Relevance of Gandhi in the Capitalism Debate, The Guardian, Retrieved 24 March 2017, from https://www.theguardian.com/sustainable-business/blog/relevance-gandhi-capitalism-debate-rajni-bakshi
Banerjee, S. (2008). Corporate Social Responsibility: The Good, the Bad and the Ugly, Critical Sociology, 34(1), 51-79
Blogspotcomau. (2008, June 15). Understanding and Applying Gandhi. [Weblog]. Retrieved 18 December 2015, from ,http://appliedgandhi.blogspot.com.au/2008/06/trusteeship-corporate-social.html
Branzei, O. (2010). Tata: Leadership with Trust. London, ON: Richard Ivey School of Business Publishing, Western University.
European Commission (2011). Corporate Social Responsibility - National Public Policies in the European Union p. 9.
Gandhi, M. K. (1925, November 22). Navjivan. Compiled in The collected works of Mahatma Gandhi, 1984, 28, 468. New Delhi: Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India.
Gandhi, M.K. (1940). My Experiments With Truth, Navjeevan Trust, Ahmedabad,
Gandhi, M. K. (1941). Constructive Programme, Navjivan Trust, Ahmedabad viewed at Gandhiheritageportalorg. Retrieved 27 February 2017, from https://www.gandhiheritageportal.org/mahatma-gandhi-books/the-story-of-my-experiments-with-truth
Gandhi, M.K. (1998). Trusteeship, Ahmedabad: Navajivan, 39-40.
Gandhi, M.K. (1942). The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi.
Gandhi, M.K. (1973). Harijan: A journal of applied Gandhiism, 1933-1955 (in nineteen volumes), New York: Garland Pub.
Gandhi, M. K. (n.d.). Gandhi's Philosophy - Gandhi's 11 Vows. Retrieved March 25, 2017, from http://gandhi-manibhavan.org/gandhiphilosophy/philosophy_11vows.htm
Gandhi Sevagram Ashram (2015). Gandhi Philosophy: Gandhi's Views, Retrieved 21 December 2015, from http://www.gandhiashramsevagram.org/gandhi-views/on-theory-of-trusteeship.php
Gandhi-manibhavanorg. (2015). Gandhi's Philosophy On Trusteeship, Retrieved 21 December 2015, from http://www.gandhi-manibhavan.org/gandhiphilosophy/philosophy_trusteeship.htm Gandhitopiaorg (2009, May 1). Gandhian Concept of Trusteeship: Core is What Matters, Retrieved 21 December 2015, from http://www.gandhitopia.org/profiles/blogs/gandhian-concept-of
Goyder, G. (1979). Trusteeship: A Possible Solution to Problems of Power, Exploitation, Conflict and Alienation. Leslie Sawhney Program of Training for Democracy, 1(1), 22. Retrieved 21 December 2015, from http://www.mkgandhi.org/ebks/trusteeship1.pdf Kapoor, N. (2006). Trusteeship: Moral and Spiritual Approach to Economics (pages 193-214 ).In Reading Gandhi (Edited by Sujit Kaur Jolly, Concept Publishing, New Delhi, ISBN 8180693562
Jaysawal, N. and Saha, S. (2015). Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in India: A Review, Space and Culture, India, 3(2), 81-93, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20896/saci.v3i2.146
Kelkar, R. (1993). Trusteeship – written by MK Gandhi, Retrieved 21 December2015, from http://www.mkgandhi.org/ebks/trusteeship.pdf In-text citation: (Kelkar, 1993)
Lecitin. (2015). Gandhi's Theory of Trusteeship:
An Essay in Understanding, Retrieved 21 December 2015, from http://www.gvpwardha.iecit.in/documents/books/thought/iii3.pdf
Mitra, R. (2012). “My Country’s Future”: A Culture Centered Interrogation of Corporate Social Responsibility in India. Journal of Business Ethics, 106, 131-147, DOI 101007/s10551-011-0985-8
Mondal, P. (2014). Summary of Kheda Peasant Struggle (1918), Retrieved 27 February2017, from http://www.yourarticlelibrary.com/sociology/summary-of-kheda-peasant-struggle-1918/31987/
Mkgandhiorg. (2015). Gandhiji's Concept of Trusteeship, Retrieved 21 December 2015, from http://www.mkgandhi.org/dharma/e.htm
Nanda, B. R. (1990). In Gandhi's footsteps: The life and times of Jamnalal Bajaj, Oxford University Press, New Delhi
Prabhu, R.K. (1993). India of My Dreams by MK Gandhi, Retrieved 21 December2015, from http://www.mkgandhi.org/ebks/india_dreams.pdf In-text citation: (Prabhu, 1993)
Pandya, J. (2007). Gandhiji and his Disciples, 1-191, National Book Trust, India, Delhi
Prabhupada, S. (2017). Sri Isopanisad, Prabhupadaconnectcom. Retrieved 22 February 2017, from http://www.prabhupadaconnect.com/Isopanisad_mantra_one.html
Sivakumar, N. (2008). The Business Ethics of Jamsetji Nusserwanji Tata – A Forerunner in Promoting Stakeholder Welfare. Journal of Business Ethics, 83(2), 353-361.
Sarukkai, S. (2012). JRD Tata and the Idea of Trusteeship. In Zoroastrianism : From Antiquity to the Modern Period, 307-324, PHISPC : Centre for Studies in Civilizations, New Delhi
Singh, S. (2010). Philanthropy to Corporate Social Responsibility: An Indian perspective. Review of International Comparative Management, 11(5), 990-1000.
Varma, R. (2012). Gandhi's Theory of Trusteeship: An Essay in Understanding. In S. K. Joseph (Ed.), Contextualising Gandhian Thought: Essays in Honour of and by Ravindra Varma, 190-229, Wardha, Maharashtra: Institute of Gandhian Studies.
Worldbusinessorg. (2015). Gandhi on Trusteeship: A Transforming Ethic, Retrieved 21 December 2015, from http://worldbusiness.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/pr1295gb.pdf
Ziegler, R., Schulz, S., & Schreck, M. (2014). Following Gandhi: Social Entrepreneurship as a Non Violent Way of Communicating Sustainability Challenges, Sustainability, 6, 1018-1036, DOI: 10.3390/su602101