Skip to main navigation menu Skip to main content Skip to site footer

The Not-So-Silent Rise of Nationalism: A COVID-19 Result


Since the discovery and surge of the COVID-19 virus in the early days of 2020, we saw the creepy crawl of accusations and counteraccusations, the divisions between the scientific communities, the lack of exemplary conduct by the political elites, the lack of transparency in the reporting of death statistics, and the increasing lack of confidence and support for people. Amidst all this was a burgeoning of defensive and, on many occasions, offensive nationalism. A stage that mirrored resounding the amended final command from the 1924 George Orwell’s Animal farms, wherein the Pigs, the more intelligent of the manor farm animals, proclaim that some animals are more equal than others.


Nationalism, COVID-19, Brexit, Vaccine Wars, Regional Cooperation



  1. ABC News. (2020, 30 April). Coronavirus investigation call has made Australia a target, but we're not alone in feeling China's wrath. ABC News.
  2. Anderson, B. (1983). Imagined communities: Reflections on the origin and spread of Nationalism. Verso.
  3. Anderson, B. (2006). Imagined communities. Verso. DOI:
  4. Bedard, P. (2020, 23 October). Washington secrets columnist, under Trump, black prison rate lowest in 31 years, Hispanics down 24%. Washington-Examiner.
  5. Bortolotti, L., & Murphy-Hollies, K. (2022). Exceptionalism at the time of Covid-19: Where nationalism meets irrationality. Danish Yearbook of Philosophy, 55(2), 90-111. doi: DOI:
  6. Bhattacharyya, R., & Pulla, V. (2019). Prime Minister Modi returns, 2019: New governance agenda. Space and Culture, India, 7(1), 1–14. DOI:
  7. Bieber, F. (2018). Is nationalism on the rise? Assessing global trends. Ethnopolitics, 17(5), 519-540. DOI:
  8. Blackmore, S. (2020, 3 May). COVID-19, Near-death experiences, and Boris Johnson: Can a close brush with death really change a man?
  9. Das, T.K., Bhattacharyya, R. & Sarma, P.K. (2022). Revisiting geographies of nationalism and national identity in Bangladesh. GeoJournal, 87, 1099–1120. DOI:
  10. Dziedzic, S. (2020, 20 May). Australia started a fight with China over an investigation into COVID-19 — did it go too hard?
  11. Fauci, A. (2017, 14 February). Pandemic preparedness in the next administration: keynote address, [Video File]. YouTube.
  12. Karki, B. (2020, 24 March). Why did india decide to activate SAARC during the COVID-19 pandemic? Was India’s decision to convene SAARC a geopolitical masterstroke? The Diplomat.
  13. Loria, K. (2018a, 28 April). Bill Gates thinks a coming disease could kill 30 million people within 6 months — and says we should prepare for it as we do for war. Business Insider: South Africa.
  14. Loria, K. (2018b, 13 March). Bill and Melinda Gates think a weaponised disease may be the biggest threat to humanity -- here's how worried you should be. Business Insider: Australia.
  15. Mead, W. R. (2020). China is the real sick man of Asia. Wall Street Journal.
  16. Öztürk, A. (2020, 22 June). Turkey’s reactive foreign policy in the COVID-19 crisis: Islam-nationalism and multidimensionality. Hypotheses.
  17. Pfeifer,H. (2020, 26 April). 'Pandemic populism': Germany sees rise in conspiracy theories. Made for Minds.
  18. Pulla, V. (2013). Contours of coping and resilience: the front story. In V. Pulla, A. Shatté, A, S. Warren (Eds.). Perspectives on Coping and Resilience (pp. 1-21). Authors Press.
  19. Pulla, V. (2014). Coping and resilience: Peoples innovative solutions. International Journal of Innovation, Creativity and Change, 1(1), 1-9.
  20. Pulla, V. (2020). As humanity copes through a pandemic. International Journal of Innovation, Creativity and Change, 14(6), 1-7.
  21. Su, R., & Shen, W. (2020). Is nationalism rising in times of the COVID-19 pandemic? Individual-level evidence from the United States. Journal of China Political Science. 26, 169-187. DOI:
  22. The Guardian (2020, 27 March). ‘Nonchalant’: Boris Johnson accused of COVID -19 complacency.
  23. Vogel, P. (2020, undated, March). Nationalism: the even greater risk of the COVID-19 crisis? Research & Knowledge.
  24. Woods, T., Schertzer, R., Greenfeld, L., Hughes, C., & Miller‐Idriss, C. (2020), COVID‐19, nationalism, and the politics of crisis: A scholarly exchange. Nations and Nationalism, 1– 19. DOI:
  25. Willsher, K., Holmes, O., McKernan, O., & Tondo, L. (2020, 3 April). US hijacking mask shipments in rush for coronavirus protection. The Guardian.


Download data is not yet available.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 > >>