Main Article Content
The key purpose of this study is to survey the BRICS education project, that is, education in the BRICS countries. The final objective is, fitting in the framework of this special issue, to identify the value of the epistemology that has been developed and tested by BRICS education scholars, as well as their thematic focus for the broader, global social science community. The unfolding 21st Century world and its imperatives for education are outlined. How this education-societal context is studied by the scholarly field of Comparative and International Education is then explained. The BRICS education project is then surveyed and analysed by a model which distinguishes between three dimensions of a national education project, namely the quantitative, the qualitative, and the equality dimension. It is concluded that the BRICS education project has a lot to offer in a global social science scholarship enterprise. However, to bring this promise to fruition, two recommendations are made. These are prioritisation of research on the societal outcomes of education in the BRICS countries, and that scholars in the BRICS countries should assume ownership for a scholarship of education in the BRICS countries.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
Albright, A. (2017). How education can solve the global youth unemployment crisis. Forbes 11 August 2017. Retrieved on 27 October 2019 from, https://www.forbes.com/sites/schoolboard/2017/08/11/how-education-can-solve-the-global-youth-unemployment-crisis/#136ef4533bc6
Bain, O. & Cummings, W.K. (2000). Academe’s Glass Ceiling: Societal, ProfessionalOrganizational, and Institutional Barriers to the Career Advancement of Academic Women. Comparative Education Review 44(4): 493-514. https://www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/abs/10.1086/447631?mobileUi=0
Bergmann, H. (1996). Quality of education and the demand for education – evidence from developing countries. International Review of Education, 42(6):581-604. doi:10.1007/BF00601404.
Broer, M., Bai, Y. & Fonseca, F. (2019). Socioeconomic inequality and educational outcomes: an introduction. In: M Broer, Y Bai & F Fonseca (eds) Socioeconomic Inequality and Educational Outcomes: Evidence of 20 years of TIMSS. Dordrecht: Springer: 1-6.
Dobson, R.B. & Swafford, M. (1980). The educational attainment process in the Soviet Union: A case study. Comparative Education Review 24:252-269 https://www.jstor.org/stable/1187235
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC). Retrieved on 15 June 2019 from, https://eric.ed.gov/
Farrell, J.P. (1982). Educational Expansion and the Drive for Social Equality. In PG Altbach, RF Arnove & GP Kelly (eds). Comparative Education. New York: Macmillan.
Feng, A. & Adamson, B. (2014). Trilingual Education in China: Models and challenges. Dordrecth: Springer.
Harricombe, L.J. & Lancaster, F.W. (1995). Out in the Cold: Academic boycotts and the isolation of South Africa. Arlington: Information Resources Press.
Hyslop, J., Vally, S. & Hassim, S. (2006). The South African Boycott Experience. Academe 92(5): 59-70.
Johnson, R.W. (2019). Fighting for the Dream. Cape Town: Jonathan Ball.
Kelly, G.P. (1982). Trends in Comparative Education. In PG Altbach, RF Arnove & GP Kelly (eds). Comparative Education. New York: Macmillan.
King, E.J. (1979). Other Schools and Ours: Comparative Studies for Today. London: Holt, Rinehart & Winston.
Kravetz, N. (1980). Education of Ethnic and National Minorities in the USSR: a report on current developments. Comparative Education 16(1): 13-23. www.jstor.org/stable/3098548
Mullis, I.V.S., Martin, M.O., Foy, P. & Hooper, M. (2017). International Results: Reading PIRLS 2016. Retrieved on 31 August 2019 from, http://timssandpirls.bc.edu/pirls2016/international-results/wp-content/uploads/structure/CompletePDF/P16-PIRLS-International-Results-in-Reading.pdf [Date of Access: 31 August 2019].
Myburgh, J., (2019). Speelbal van die Politici, Rapport, Rapport Weekliks, 1: 4-5.
Noah, H.J. (1986). The Use and Abuse of Comparative Education. In PG Altbach, & GP Kelly (eds) New Approaches to Comparative Education. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press: 153-165.
OECD (2018). 2015 PISA Results in Focus. Retrieved on 27 October 2019 from, https://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/docserver/9789264266490-en.pdf?expires=1561005743&id=id&accname=guest&checksum=3B03A6C44A0C493B3FCE2B603E5B903B
Palanichamy, R.B. (2019: 16 July). India’s Environmental Challenges in 10 Images. The City Fix. Retrieved on 27 October 2019 from, https://thecityfix.com/blog/indias-environmental-challenges-10-images-raj-bhagat-palanichamy/
Phillips, D.P. and Schweisfurth, M. (2014). Comparative and International Education: An introduction to theory, method and practice (2nd edition). London: Bloomsbury.
Plank, D. (1987). The Expansion of Education: A Brazilian case study. Comparative Education Review 31(3): 361-376. https://www.jstor.org/stable/1188570
Quacquarelli Symonds (QS). (2020). 2020 University Rankings. Retrieved on 10 April 2020 from https://www.topuniversities.com/university-rankings/world-university-rankings/2020 .
Ryan, J. (2019). Education in China. Cambridge, UK: Polity Press.
Santhakumar, V. & Wolhuter, C.C. (2020). Language of Learning and Teaching in South Africa and India: A comparative study In CC Wolhuter (ed.). Critical Issues in South African Education: Illumination from international comparative perspectives from the BRICS countries. Durbanville AOSIS. Forthcoming.
Schleicher, A. (2018). Equity in education: Breaking down barriers to social mobility. Paris: OECD.
Siddhu, G. (2011). Who makes it to secondary school? Determinants of transition to secondary school in India. International Journal of Educational Development 31(4): 394-401. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijedudev.2011.01.008
Smolentseva, A. (2017). Universal Higher Education and Positional Advantage: Soviet Legacies and neo-liberal transformations in Russia. Higher Education 73(2): 209-226. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10734-016-0009-9
Song, X, Wennersten, R. & Mulder, K. (2009). Challenges of Sustainable Development in China. Stockholm: Royal Institute of Technology.
Spörlein, C. & Schlueter, E. (2018) How education systems shape cross-national ethnic inequality in math competence scores: Moving beyond mean differences. PLoS ONE 13(3): e0193738. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0193738.
Thut, J.N. & Adams, D. (1964). Educational Patterns in Contemporary Societies. Tokyo: McGraw-Hull.
Trines, S. (2018). Education in India. World Education News and Reviews . Retrieved on 27 October 2019 from, https://wenr.wes.org/2018/09/education-in-indi
UNESCO. 2019. Statistics. [http://data.uis.unesco.org/] [Date of Access: 18 June 2019].
Wolhuter, C.C. (2008). Review of the Review: constructing the identity of comparative education. Research in Comparative and International Education 3(4): 323 – 344. http://dx.doi.org/10.2304/rcie.2008.3.4.323
Wolhuter, C.C. (2012). Also a door to the inside of a new house — yet another use for Comparative Education. In: Nikolay Popov, Charl Wolhuter, Bruno Leutwyler, Gillian Hilton, James Ogunleye & Patricia Albergaria Almeida (eds). 2012. International Perspectives on Education. Sofia: Bulgarian Comparative Education Society: 23-28.
Wolhuter, C.C. (2014). Weaknesses of South African education in the mirror image of international educational development. South African Journal of Education 34(2): 1-20. DOI: 10.15700/201412071120
Wolhuter, C.C. (2015). The Case of the Education System of South Africa on the World Map: Inspiring case or call for guidance from abroad? In: C.C. Wolhuter, L. Jacobs & HJ Steyn (eds). 2015.Thinking about Education Systems. Noordbrug: Keurkopie: 57-77.
Wolhuter, C.C. (2017). The Geography of Authorship Regarding Research in Education. Croatian Journal of Education 19(3): 981-1000. https://doi.org/10.15516/cje.v19i3.2207
Wolhuter, C.C. (2018). The Salience of African Scholars in Education Research. Africa Education Review. https://doi.org/10.1080/18146627.2016.1241669
Wolhuter, C.C. & Barbieri, N. (2017). Is the Ideal of Universal Adult Literacy in the World by the Year 2030 Statistically Attainable? Revista Internazionale Scienze Sociali 2017 (1): 87-102. https://iris.unimore.it/retrieve/handle/11380/1157038/188673/05_Wolhuter-Barbieri.pdf
Wolhuter, C.C., Thomas, M., Mashau, T.M. & Steyn, H.J. (2018). Comparative and International Education: A tool for powerful global impact available to South African scholars. In: Charl. C. Wolhuter (ed.). 2018. Raising the Impact of Education Research in Africa. Cape Town: AOSIS: 253-284.
World Atlas. (2019). List of countries by literacy levels. Retrieved on 27 October 2019 from, https://www.worldatlas.com/articles/the-highest-literacy-rates-in-the-world.html
World Bank (2019). Development Indicators. Retrieved on 27 October 2019 from http://datatopics.worldbank.org/world-development-indicators/themes/poverty-and-inequality.html
Yuan, S.J. (2011). Education Policies and Economic Growth in BRICs: Comparative perspectives. Knowledge Cultures 8(2): 188-197.
Zachariah, M. (1972). Positive Discrimination in Education for India's Scheduled Castes: A Review of the Problems, 1950-1970. Comparative Education Review 16(1): 16-29. https://doi.org/10.1086/445566
Zakirova, V. (2014) Gender inequality in Russia: the perspective of participatory gender budgeting. Reproductive Health Matters. 22:44 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0968-8080(14)44806-7