Social Innovation and Entrepreneurship in Arunachal Pradesh: Opportunities and Challenges

Main Article Content

Ravi Ranjan Kumar
Kaushalendra Pratap Singh
Leeyir Ete

Abstract

Bio-geographically, Arunachal Pradesh is the wealthiest province of the entire Himalayas. The picturesque terra firma full of natural beauty and rich cultural opulence, in its entirety, falls under the eastern Himalayan landscape. This north eastern territory of the country was previously called “Terra Incognita” till the beginning of the 20th Century, and hitherto remains one of the least studied states in India today. The state’s socio-economic development is currently in a transitional phase with variations across different districts. Considering the quality of social capital available, there is a dire need to emphasise proper resource flow and foster an understanding of the importance of the existent social capital. It may be noted that entrepreneurs are powerful instruments of development and economic change. So, panacea in the long term is the promotion of social innovation and entrepreneurship, which will give momentum to the State’s developmental agenda and address the state’s social issues. Indeed requires a motivating ecosystem which prioritises essential skills and innovation and adopts a fresh, sustainable view of resources and technology. Therefore, the present paper explores the prospects of social innovation and entrepreneurship in the state with particular reference to contemporary social concerns adopting a practice-based approach.


 

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Kumar, R. R., Singh, K. P., & Ete, L. (2021). Social Innovation and Entrepreneurship in Arunachal Pradesh: Opportunities and Challenges . Space and Culture, India, 8(4), 48-59. https://doi.org/10.20896/saci.v8i4.924
Section
Special Articles

References

Assocham & TechSci Research. (2016, November). Indian FMCG Market, 2020. https://www.techsciresearch.com/admin/gall_content/2016/11/2016_11$thumbimg102_Nov_2016_004628313.pdf
Besharov, M. (2019). How to create a successful earned-income model: Integrating revenue generation without losing sight of mission.
Béteille, André (1965). Caste, class, and power: Changing patterns of stratification in a Tanjore village. University of California.
Census of India (2011). Primary census abstracts, registrar general of India, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. https://www.censusindia.gov.in/2011-prov-results/data_files/arunachal/Prov.%20Popul%20Total%20-I.pdf
Census (2011). http://www.census2011.co.in/census/state/arunachal+pradesh.html
Deb, S. (2013). Study of Monpa and other tribes of Tawang and West Kameng Districts, Arunachal Pradesh. Journal of Global Economy, Research Centre for Social Sciences, Mumbai, India, 9(4), 263-274.
Deb, S. (2018). North East Region and Arunachal Pradesh (India): Looking beyond & within in Pursuit to Promote Entrepreneurship. Advances in Economics and Business, 6(3),190-200, DOI: 10.13189/aeb.2018.060305
Eliazer Nelson, A.R.L., Ravichandran, K. & Antony, U. (2019). The impact of the Green Revolution on indigenous crops of India. Journal of Ethnic Foods, 6 (8). https://doi.org/10.1186/s42779-019-0011-9
Elwin, V. (1959). A philosophy for NEFA. Shillong. NEFA.
Fox, M. (2016). 5 reasons why social entrepreneurship is the new model. Forbes.com.https://www.forbes.com/sites/meimeifox/2016/08/08/5-reasons-why-social-entrepreneurship-is-the-new-business-model/#6da8c744ca7e
Gandhi, Tanvi & Raina, Rishav (2018). Social entrepreneurship: the need, relevance, facets and constraints. Journal of Global Entrepreneurship Research. 8(9). https://doi.org/10.1186/s40497-018-0094-6
Ghurye, G. S. (1969). Caste and race in India. Popular Prakashan.
Government of India (2015). National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, 2015, Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship, New Delhi.
Gupta, D. (2007). The vanishing village: Policy implications for India in the era of Globalization. https://www.wilsoncenter.org/.../the-vanishing-village.
Integrated Mountain Initiative (IMI) & Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) (2019). State of the Himalayan Farmers and Farming – A Study about Social, Economic and Ecological Factors Changing the Mountains Agriculture Scenario.
Investment Information and Credit Rating Agency(ICRA) Management Consulting Services Limited (2011). Skill Gap Study of the North East. National Skill Development Report. https://nsdcindia.org/sites/default/files/files/assam-sg.pdf
Kamei, P. (2019). Both geography and culture of Arunachal Pradesh makes it one of the most vibrant states in India. https://www.outlookindia.com/outlooktraveller/explore/story/69301/visit-arunachal-pradesh-for-these-indigenous-festivals.
Keller, J.W. (2001). The Importance of Rural Development in the21st Century- Persistence, Sustainability & Futures. www.regional.org.au/au/countrytowns/.../keller.htm
Kerlin, JA. (2010). A comparative analysis of the global emergence of social enterprise. Voluntas: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations, 21(2), 162–179.
Lodrick, D.O. (2019). Arunachal Pradesh. Encyclopaedia Britannica. https://www.britannica.com/place/Arunachal-Pradesh
Myers, N., Mittermeier, R., Mittermeier, C. et al. (2000). Biodiversity hotspots for conservation priorities. Nature, 403, 853–858. https://doi.org/10.1038/35002501
Myrdal, Gunnar (1968). Asian Drama, New Delhi, p. 1290.
Nayak, P.K. (2011). The dialectics of globalisation in Arunachal Pradesh. Economic and Political Weekly, 46 (26/27), 263-267. https://www.jstor.org/stable/23018648
Papola, T.S. (2008). Employment Challenge and Strategies in India An Assessment in the Framework of ILO’s Global Employment Agenda. International Labour Organization
PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC) International Ltd. (2014, November). Future of India - The Wining Leap. https://www.pwc.in/assets/pdfs/future-of-india/future-of-india-executive-summary.pdf
Putnam, R. (1993). Making Democracy Work: Civic Traditions in Modern Italy. Princeton University Press.
Putnam, Robert (2000). Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival of American Community. Simon & Schuster.
Rajiv Gandhi University (2020). https://rgu.ac.in/
Sareen, R. (2017, 25 November ). Bamboo cycles made by Pune company may soon grace a cycle track near you. The Indian Express. https://indianexpress.com/article/india/bamboo-cycles-made-by-pune-company-may-soon-grace-a-cycle-track-near-you-4953621/
Sharma, M., & Chakraborty, D. K. (2016). Why Arunachal Pradesh’s Social Sector Development is Asymmetrical: A Cross-district Investigation. Social Change, 46(2), 165–181. https://doi.org/10.1177/0049085716635389
Shira, D., & Associates, Devonshire-Ellis, C. (2012). An Introduction to India. In: Shira, Dezan & Associates, Devonshire-Ellis C. (eds). Doing Business in India. India Briefing (The Practical Application of India Business). pp. 1-7. Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27618-7_1
Singh PJ (2018). Digital Industrialisation in Developing Countries: A Review of the Business and Policy Landscape. IT for Change, Delhi.
Skills Training for Advancement in Rural Societies (2020). http://www.starsforum.org/affiliates/wpbdp_category/skills-training/
The World Bank (1997). Executive Summary. In India; Achievements and Challenges in Reducing Poverty.
The World Bank (2020). The Global Economic Outlook During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Changed World.
Varma, G.R & Ravi, J. (2017). Social Entrepreneurship: A Case Study on Amul Diary. International Journal of Research in Management Studies, A Peer Reviewed Open Access International Journal. 02(04), pp 23-32. https://fdocuments.in/document/social-entrprenurship-a-case-study-on-amul-23-social-entrprenurship-a-case-study.html
World Economic Forum (2019). The Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Report 2019: Travel and Tourism at a Tipping Point. Geneva. http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_TTCR_2019.pdf