Gendered Dimensions of Trade: Evidence from Arunachal Pradesh, India

Main Article Content

Kaushalendra Pratap Singh
Saumya .
Chetna K. Rathore

Abstract

International trade has traditionally played an essential role in driving women-centric economic empowerment. Women’s participation as owners or managers has remained consistently low over the years. In India's case, a previous study conducted by UNDP revealed that women entrepreneurs preferred engaging in informal cross-border business as it was less risky with no tax burdens and their discomfort in dealing with male customs officials (UNDP, 2016). One of the critical limitations of active business engagement is socio-economic and cultural restriction, especially at the grassroots level. The case in Arunachal Pradesh is no different, as the concept of entrepreneurship of women in this field is a relatively recent phenomenon. In Arunachal Pradesh, the market is mainly controlled by women, yet women's participation in small and medium enterprises is less in number. In this context, the current paper discusses the nature of women entrepreneurs’ role in Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) and cross-border trade. It unveils the challenges faced by women entrepreneurs in Arunachal Pradesh and along with industrial and policy-related bottlenecks. The discussion is based on the primary data collected from the women-led/managed/owned MSMEs to study the gender dimensions of trade in Arunachal Pradesh. The findings of the study are that women entrepreneurship primarily gravitates around smaller-sized firms, with most women-led enterprises accounting for micro-enterprises in the formal sector. Like elsewhere in Arunachal Pradesh too, there remain socio-economic and cultural restrictions, especially at the grassroots level. Women lag in terms of awareness about import and export, technology, and dedicated bank accounts.


 

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How to Cite
Singh, K. P., ., S., & Rathore, C. K. (2021). Gendered Dimensions of Trade: Evidence from Arunachal Pradesh, India. Space and Culture, India, 9(1), 80-96. https://doi.org/10.20896/saci.v9i1.1096
Section
Research
Author Biography

Kaushalendra Pratap Singh, Assistant Professor, Department of Social Work, Rajiv Gandhi (Central) University, Arunachal Pradesh

 

 

Received 2020-10-16
Accepted 2021-06-07
Published 2021-06-25

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