Main Article Content
Muslim women’s engagement with Islam through Haji Ali Movement in Mumbai highlights an interesting as well as conflicting encounters between Islam, feminism, and women’s rights. It not only disturbs the quintessential images of them but also opens up an array of possibilities to comprehend that Muslim women can develop their own critique of religion and cultural practices from within. The study argues that the Muslim women’s Haji Ali movement or the mosque movement offers a surprising trade-off between Islam, feminism, and women’s rights by challenging the long-established idea that these are mutually exclusive entities and the distance cannot be bridged. Therefore, the study not only tries to find out the origin, nature, and unique characteristics of the movement but also the new ways of exploring the dialogue between Muslim women’s religious subjectivity, rights, and feminism in India.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
Avishai, Orit (2008). Doing religion in a secular world: Women in conservative religions and the question of agency. In Gender & Society, 22 (2), 135-53.
Amber, Srikant (2011, 9 December). All India Muslim Women Law Board. Retrieved from www.muslimwomenpersonallaws.com
Badron, Margot (2011). Feminism in Islam: Secular and Religious Convergences. England: Oneworld Publications.
Bakr, Abu Omaima (2017). Feminist and Islamic Perspectives: New Horizons of Knowledge and Reform. Cairo: The Women and Memory Forum.
Bowden, Peta and Jane Mummery (2012). Feminism. New Delhi: Rawat Publications.
Butler, Judith (2007). Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity. New York: Routledge.
Engineer, Asghar Ali (1999). The Quran, Women and Modern Society. New Delhi: Sterling Publication Limited.
Esposito, L John (2011). What Everyone Needs to Know About Islam: Answers to Frequently Asked Questions. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.
Hosseini-Mir, Ziba (2015). Muslim Legal Tradition and the Challenge of Gender Equality. In Ziba, Mir-Hosseinid., Al,Sharmani., & Jana, Rumminger (Eds.). Men in Charge? Rethinking Authority in Muslim Legal Tradition, (pp.13-43). London: Oneworld Publications.
Ien, Ang, (2003). “I’m a Feminist but . . . ‘Other’ Women and Postnational Femi- nism. In Reina Lewis and Sara Mills (Eds.). Feminist Postcolonial Theory: A Reader Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, pp. 40-50.
Jamal, Amina (2009). Feminist ‘Selves’ and Feminism’s Others: Feminist Representations of Jamaat-e-Islami Women in Pakistan. Feminist Review, 81(1), 52–73.
Jingjun, Shui., & Maria, Jaschok (2014). The Culture of 'Associational Leadership' in the Hui Muslim Women's Mosques of Central. In Asian Journal of Social Science, 42 (5), 641-656. Retrieved from https://www.jstor.org/stable/43495824
Khanam, Sharifa (2004, 9 December).Women’s Mousque Planned. Retrieved from www.stepswomensjamat.com
Khan, Shahnaz (2002). Muslim Women: Negotiations in the Third Space. In Therese, Saliba., Carolyn, Allen., & Judith, A. Howard. (Eds.). Gender Politics and Islam (pp. 305-321). New Delhi: Orient Blacksawn.
Khurshid, Salman (2018). Triple Talaq: Examining Faith. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.
Kirmani, Nida (2013). Questioning the Muslim Woman: Identity and Insecurity in an Urban Indian Locality. New Delhi: Routledge.
Kumar, Nita (1994). Women as Subjects: South Asian Histories. New Delhi: Stree Publications.
Lughod, Lila-Abu (2013). Do Muslim Women Need Saving? Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Mahmood, Saba (2005). Politics of Piety: The Islamic Revival and the Feminist Subject. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Mahmood, Saba (2012). Feminist Theory, Agency and the Liberatory Subject: Some Reflections on the Islamic Revival in Egypt. In Raka Ray (Ed.), Handbook of Gender, (pp. 368-402). New Delhi: Oxford University Press.
Mohammad, Talib (1998). The Tablighis in the Making of Muslim Identity. In Mushirul Hasan (Ed.), Islam Communities and the Nation: Muslim Identities in South Asia and Beyond, (pp. 307-340). New Delhi: Manohar Publishers.
Mahila Shakti Mandal (2012). My Struggle and My Leadership. Bharatiya Muslim Mahila Andolan: Mumbai.
Mernissi, Fatima (1991). The Veil and the Male Elite: A Feminist Interpretation of Women’s Rights in Islam. New York: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company.
Niaz, Safia Noorjehan & Zakia, Soman (2017). Reclaiming the Sacred Spaces: Muslim Women’s struggle for Entry in Haji Ali Dargah. Notion Press: Chennai.
Niaz, Safia Noorjehan (2016). Women’s Shariah Court: Muslim Women’s Quest for Justice: An Alternative Dispute Resolution Forum For and By Muslim Women. Notion Press: Chennai.
Nomani, Asra(2016). Islamic Bill of Rights for Women in the Mosque. Retrieved from peprimer.com on 21.04.2016.
Prickett, Pamela J. T. (2015). Negotiating Gendered Religious Space: The Particularities of Patriarchy in an African American Mosque. Gender and Society, 29 (1), 51-72. Retrieved from https://www.jstor.org/stable/43669942
PTI. (2020). Now female worshippers can pray at Pakistan’s famous Sunehri Masjid. Retrieved from www.telenganatoday.com on 07.03.2020.
Rinaldo, Rachel (2010). Women and Piety Movements. In Bryan S. Turner (Ed.), The New Blackwell Companion to the Sociology of Religion (pp. 584-605). Wiley Publishers: USA.
Rinaldo, Rachel (2013). Mobilizing Piety: Islam and Feminism in Indonesia. Oxford Publishing House: New Delhi.
Rinaldo, Rachel (2014). Pious and Critical: Muslim Women Activists and the Question of Agency. Gender and Society, 28(6), 824-846. Retrieved from https://www.jstor.org/stable/43669923
Saliba, Therese, Carolyn, Allen, & Judith, A. Howard (2002). Gender, Politics and Islam. New Delhi: Orient Longman.
Tschalaer, Hong Mengia (2017). Muslim Women’s Quest for Justice: Gender, Law and Activism in India. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Wadud, Amina (1999). Quran and Woman: Reading the Sacred Text from a Woman’s Perspective. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.