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Discourse of Inclusion in the Complexity Era: In the BRICS Space

Special Issue


The relevance of the study is explained by the need to comprehend the expansion of the inclusion discourse in the situation of continuing complication of socio-cultural interaction in the BRICS countries. The modern society’s growing need to create an inclusive community, which professes the values of diversity, is associated with the complication of the socio-cultural landscape. The concept of inclusion complexity as a form of thinking that diagnoses and overcomes the devaluation of a person in all possible contexts are presented in the research by the example of the diverse experience of inclusive initiatives’ deployment in the BRICS countries. The authors emphasise that an adequate study of this phenomenon is impossible outside the study of each country’s socio-cultural experience. For optimal results, it was essential to analyse and describe the processes of inclusion formation in the BRICS format in the context of comparing existing approaches. It allowed both to identify the national specifics and to identify the universal mechanisms of inclusion formation as of a modern cultural phenomenon. The authors conceptualize the need to maintain dependencies between different types of social experience in South Africa, which reveals the importance of a comprehensive approach to overcoming existing problems connected with poverty, inequality, gender issues, and existing unemployment. The research describes the experience of implementing the inclusion policy in the sphere of culture and education in Brazil and India. Various aspects of inclusion formation in China are revealed: it is emphasized that the negative attitude towards people with health disorders is due to the socio-cultural context. The problems of financial inclusion are considered in the context of the experience of their solvation in China and India. The authors turn to the diverse experience of implementing inclusive initiatives in Russia, demonstrating the complexity of inclusion formation as a new form of humanistic thinking.


Inclusion, Complexity, Thinking, BRICS, Other



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