Skip to main navigation menu Skip to main content Skip to site footer

Migration and Dietary Diversity Changes among the Students: Case Study of the University of Delhi in India : .


A large number of students migrate every year to the University of Delhi to pursue higher studies. Most of these students find accommodation within the vicinity of the university, that is North Campus of the university. Change in their daily diets, induced by the migration, therefore, becomes a critical aspect of determining their physical and mental well-being. The paper aims to examine the changes in their dietary diversity after migration. The principal focus is to analyse the comparative qualitative differences in the diet of the students before and after migration to the University of Delhi.  The focus group for the research work comprises randomly selected migrant students from different parts of India, presently living in the North Campus of Delhi. For the primary survey, 100 respondents have been selected from four localities within the North Campus (Vijay Nagar, Malka Ganj, Kamla Nagar, and Guru Tegh Bahadur Nagar) to get first-hand information and opinions. Both descriptive and inferential statistical techniques have been applied to identify the relationship between socio-economic and demographic features of the respondents, and the changes in their dietary diversity have been examined. The findings demonstrate an alarming trend being prevalent across all the four localities—in the consumption of nuts, dry & fresh fruits, and vegetables along with the simultaneous trend of a significant increase in fast-food consumption. The extent of the change varied significantly across the four localities.  The highest decline in dietary diversity was observed in Vijay Nagar, whereas Kamla Nagar experienced the least changes in dietary diversity.


Migration, Dietary, Consumption, Students, University of Delhi, Delhi, India



  1. Abouta, J.S., Patterson, R.E., Neuhouser, M.L. and Elder J. (2002). Dietary acculturation: applications to nutrition research and dietetics. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 102, 1105-18. (02)90247-6
  2. Abraham, S., Shin, J. Y., & Norigea, B. R. (2018). College students eating habits and knowledge of nutritional requirements. Journal of Nutrition and Human Health, 2(1), 13-17. DOI:
  3. Akerele, D. & Odeniyi, K. A. (2015). Demand for diverse diets: Evidence from Nigeria. 89th Annual Conference of the Agricultural Economic Society, University of Warwick, UK
  4. Anand, S. (2010). Solid Waste Management. Mittal Publications.
  5. Batta, M. Gupta, N., Goyal, G., & Jain, A. (2016). Vitamin deficiency prevalence in primary school children in Punjab. India, International Journal of Research in Medical Sciences, 4(12), 5176-5179. DOI:
  6. Brezis, E. & Soueri, A. (2011). Why do Students Migrate? Where do they Migrate to?. Working Papers 25, AlmaL aureaInter-University Consortium.
  7. Census. (2011). North Delhi District: Census 2011-2019 data.
  8. Deliens, T., Clarys, P., De Bourdeaudhuij, I. et al. (2014). Determinants of eating behaviour in university students: a qualitative study using focus group discussions. BMC Public Health, 14, 53 DOI:
  9. District Census Handbook. (2011). District census handbook of N.C.T. of Delhi, Census of India. New Delhi.
  10. Green, R., Milner, J., Joy, E. J.M. et al.,(2016). Dietary patterns in India: A systematic review. The British Journal of Nutrition, 116 (1). 142-148. DOI:
  11. Grigg, D. B. (1977). E. G. Ravenstein and the “laws of migration”. Journal of Historical Geography, 3(1), 41-54.
  12. Kearney, J. (2010). Food consumption trends and drivers. Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences, 365(1554), 2793–2807. DOI:
  13. Kershen, A. J. (2002). Food in the Migrant Experience, Routledge.
  14. Khadka, S. (2018). Migration and food security: Challenges and opportunities for India. Down To Earth.
  15. Kulkarni, V.S. & Gaiha, R. (2010). Dietary transition in India, Center for the Advanced Study of India, University of Pennsylvania.
  16. Kumar, N., Anand, S. and Singh, J. (2018). Understating the status of food Security: A Case Study of Haryana, The Horizon - A Journal of Social Sciences, IX (1), 1-16
  17. Lacaille, L.J., Nichols, K., Krambeer, J. and Pedersen, J., (2011). Psychosocial and environmental determinants of eating behaviors, physical activity, and weight change among college students: A qualitative analysis. Journal of American College Health, 59, 531–538. DOI:
  18. Lee, E. S. (1966). A Theory of Migration, Demography, 3(1),47-57.
  19. Mahdizadeh, H. A, Manhaz S., Montazeri A., Shojaeizadeh D, Nejat S, Farahani F.K., & Djazayeri, A. (2016). Factors Influencing Fast-Food Consumption Among Adolescents in Tehran: A Qualitative Study. Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal, 18(3).
  20. Nada, C. I. & Araújo, H. C. (2017). The multicultural experience of international students in Portugal: A narrative approach. Journal for Multicultural Education, 11 (3), 176–88. Nada, C. I. & Araújo, H. C. (2018). Migration and education: A narrative approach to the experience of foreign students in Portugal. London Review of Education, 16 (2), 308–324. DOI:
  21. Oussedik, S. (2012). Food and Cuisine: Part of the Migration Process. Institut Europeu de la Mediterrània.
  22. Pavithra, K. M. (2019). 1 out of every 100 migrants in India move for education,
  23. Ruel, M. T. (2003). Operationalizing dietary diversity: A review of measurement issues and research priorities. The Journal of Nutrition, 133 (11). 3911S-3926S. Oxford University Press. DOI:
  24. Rukmini, S. (2019). Indians are a long way away from an ideal diet. Livemint.
  25. Shankar, B. (2017). Dietary and nutritional change in India: Implications for strategies, policies and interventions, Wiley Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. DOI:
  26. Sogari, G., Velez-Argumedo, C., Gomez, M.I. and Mora, C. (2018). College students and eating habits: A study using an ecological model for healthy behavior, Nutrients, 10(12), 1823. DOI:
  27. Taskar, Priya D., Nicklas, T.A. & Berenson, G. (2007). Does food group consumption vary by differences in socioeconomic, demographic, and lifestyle factors in young adults? The Bogalusa Heart Study. Journal of American Diet Association, 107 (2), 223-234. DOI:
  28. University of Delhi. (2019). About University of Delhi.


Download data is not yet available.