Skip to main navigation menu Skip to main content Skip to site footer

Assessment of Development of Yuksom Gram Panchayat Unit in Sikkim using SWOT Model


SWOT model is a technique to appraise strategies for rural development. This study aims to apply this model to examine the development of Yuksom Gram Panchayat Unit (GPU) of West district of Sikkim, India. To accomplish this analysis, internal factor evaluation (IFE) matrix and external factor evaluation matrix (EFE) were prepared to identify the critical and less important factors for development. Finally, a framework for strategy has been formulated by linking ‘strength-opportunity’ (SO) and ‘weakness-threat’ (WT) aspects. Results show mountain environment sustainability as the most agreed one (SO) and on the other hand, implementation of ‘land bank scheme’ and microfinance (WT) as the alternate planning strategies for the development of the Yuksom area


SWOT Analysis; ‘Land Bank Scheme’; Microfinance; Sikkim



  1. Bhandari, L. and Kale, S. (2009). The North East and Sikkim: Performance, Facts and Figures. Dorling Kindersley (India) Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi: India
  2. Bull, J.W., Jobstvogt, N., Bohnke-Henrichs, A., Mascarenhas, A., Sitas, N., Baulcomb, C., Lambini, C.K., Rawlins, M., Baral, H., Zahringer, J., Carter-Silk, E., Balzan, M.V., Kenter, J.O, Hayha, T., Petz, K., and Koss, R. (2016). Strength, Weakness, Opportunities and Threats: A SWOT Analysis for Ecosystem Service Framework. Ecosystem Service. 17, 99-111. Retrieved on 01 October 2019 from,
  3. Census of India, 2011. (2011). New Delhi: Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India, Ministry of Home Affairs, Govt. of India. Retrieved on 01 October 2019 from
  4. Chakma, N. and Chakraborty, S. (2018). Perspective on Sanskritisation of Sikkim, In Discourses on Human-Nature Interaction in Eastern India, (Biswas, B. edited), Rhito Publication, Kolkata
  5. Chandna, R. C. (2016). Regional Planning and Development. New Delhi; Kalyani Publishers
  6. Dasgupta, P. (1993). An Inquiry into Well-being and Destitution. Clarendon Press, Oxford
  7. Gao, G-Y & Peng, D-H. (2011). Consolidating SWOT Analysis with Non-Homogeneous Uncertain Preference Information. Knowledge Based System. 24(6). 796-808, doi:10.1016/j.knosys.2011.03.001 DOI:
  8. Ghosh, M. (2011). Regional Disparities in Education, Health and Human Development in India. Indian Journal of Human Development. 5(1). Retrieved on 12 November 2019 from DOI:
  9. Houben, G., Lemie, K., Vanhoof, K. (1999). A Knowledge Based SWOT Analysis System as an Instrument for Strategic Planning in Small and Medium Sized Enterprises. Decision Support System. 26(2). 125-135, doi10.1016/S0167-9236(99)00024-X DOI:
  10. Kundu, A. (2009). Achiving Diversity in Socio Economic Space: An alternative Strategy of Intervention through the Diversity Index. Indian Journal of Human Development. 3(2), doi 10.1177/0973703020090206 DOI:
  11. Milenkovic, N. Vukmirovic, J. Bulajic, M and Radojicic, Z. (2014). A Multivariate Approach in Measuring Socio Economic Development of MENA Countries. Economic Modelling. 38, pp 604-608. DOI:
  12. Ommani, A. R. (2011). Strength, Weakness, Opportunities and Threats (SWOT) Analysis for Farming System Businesses Management: Case of Wheat Farmers of Shadervan District, Shoushter Township, Iran. African Journal of Business Management. Vol. 5 (22), pp-9448-9454. Retrieved on 22 May 2019 from,
  13. Sen, A. K. (1987). Standard of Living. Cambridge University Press. New York DOI:
  14. Sevkii, M., Oztekin, A., Uysal, O., Torlak, G., Turkyilmaz A., Delen, D. (2012). Development of Fuzzy ANP based SWOT Analysis for Airline Industry in Turkey. Expert System Application. 39(1), 14-24. Retrieved on 21 May 2019 from DOI:
  15. United Nation Development Programme (UNDP). (1990). Human Development Report 1990, Oxford University Press, New York
  16. Vetrivel, S. C and Kumarmangalam, S.C. (2010). Role of Microfinance Institutions in Rural Development. International Journal of Information Technology and Knowledge Management. 2(2), 435-441. Retrieved on 17 June 2019 from,


Download data is not yet available.