Skip to main navigation menu Skip to main content Skip to site footer

Drinking Water in Guwahati City: Its Past, Present Status and Associated Problems


Guwahati is one of the fastest growing cities of Northeast India. The haphazard growth of the city has resulted in a chaotic situation, giving rise to circumstances not favourable to its residents in many aspects. Amongst these, drinking water is the most crucial problem confronting the resi-dents. In this paper, an attempt has been made to assess the availability of drinking water over a period of time in the city. In addition, it also attempts to understand the challenges of drinking wa-ter availability at present. Apart from consultation of secondary sources like archival data, local municipality body, primary data has been collected from three selected municipality wards based on their core, periphery and midpoint locations among the 60 wards of the city.


drinking water, availability, Guwahati, Assam


Author Biography

Prasanta Bhattacharya

Assistant Professor, Department of Geography


Ananthakrishnan, G. (2007, June 28). Water Access and Citizen's Movements, The Hindu, available at: (accessed 10 December 2013)

Bakshi, A.R., and Roy, I. (2010).Groundwater Management Options in Greater Guwahati Area, Proc.Water Resource Day Seminar, Institute of Engineers, Guwahati, 68-80

Biswas, A. K. (1979).Water Development in De-veloping Countries: Problems and Prospects, Geo Journal, Vol.3, No.5, 445-456

Biswas, A. K., (1985). Ancient Urban Water Supply Systems, Geo Journal, Vol. 11, No. 3, 207-213

Borah, R. (2013). Status of Drinking Water in Guwahati City, M. Phil. Dissertation, Depart-ment of Geography, Gauhati University, 1

Devi, S. (1998).Hydrogeological Condition and Ground Water Development Potentialities in Greater Guwahati with Special Emphasis on Drinking Water Requirement, AAP 1997-98, CGWB Report, NER, 23 P

Ghosh Mitra, Susanna (2010). World Bank and Urban Water Supply Reforms in India: A Case Study on Karnataka, PhD thesis, School of Social Sciences, Politics, The University of Manchester

Mckenzie, David and Ray, Isha (2005). Household Water Delivery Options in Urban and Rural India, Working Paper No. 224, Stanford Center for International Development, available at: (accessed 12 December 2013).

Mckenzie, David and Ray, Isha (2009). Urban Water Supply in India: Status, Reform Options and Possible Lessons, Water Policy, 11 (4), 442-460

State Archive, Local Self Government, June 1925, file no. 336, 2-32

State Archive, General, B, June 1937; file nos.610-626, 23-35

State Archive, Local Self Government, September 1938, file nos.231-234, 53-56

State Archive, Local Self Government, June 1938, file nos. 627-632, 12-18

Vishwanath, S. (2013, February 15).How Much Water Does an Urban Citizen Need? The Hindu, available at: (accessed 12 December 2013)


Download data is not yet available.