Skip to main navigation menu Skip to main content Skip to site footer

COP26 and the Crisis of Climate Change in Bangladesh


Bangladesh, a developing country located in South Asia, is one of the most environmentally vulnerable countries in the world. Global warming and climate change affect the country’s ecological balance, imposing threats to the existence of humans and animals, especially in flood-prone areas. Natural calamities, including floods, upsurges, cyclones, droughts, and so on, frequently hit some parts of the country. Bangladesh has already encountered massive floods in 1974 and 1988; the giant cyclones in 1970 and 1991; Sidr in 2007, and Ayla in 2009. Floods occur almost every year; as a result, many places of the country are submerged, and people suffer colossal losses—often, their houses and crops are washed away. Many families turn homeless and destitute, living in extreme poverty, and die of hunger. Global warming and climate change are also responsible for heavy rain inundating several cities and for drought destroying crops. The government of Bangladesh attempts to draw international attention to the impacts of global warming and climate change in different forums. In COP26, which took place in Glasgow in November 2021, the Prime Minister of Bangladesh seriously addressed the issue and sought the attention of world leaders to take steps to redress the impacts of climate change and global warming. This study attempts to delve into the environmental issues, COP26, and the effects of climate change and global warming in Bangladesh.


COP26, Climate Change, Global Warming, Bangladesh



  1. Ahmed, S., Eklund, E. (2021). Climate Change Impacts in Coastal Bangladesh: Migration, Gender and Environmental Injustice. Asian Affairs, 52(1), 155-174. DOI:
  2. Alston, M., Akhter, B. (2016). Gender and food security in Bangladesh: the impact of climate change. Gender, Place & Culture: A Journal of Feminist Geography, 23(10), 1450-1464. DOI:
  3. Brammer, H. (2016). Floods, cyclones, drought and climate change in Bangladesh: a reality check. International Journal of Environmental Studies, 73(6), 865-886. DOI:
  4. Choudhury, A. M., Haque, M. A., Quadir, D. A. (1997). Consequences of Global Warming and Sea Level Rise in Bangladesh. Marine Geodesy, 20(1), 13-31. DOI:
  5. Dasgupta, S., Huq, M., Khan, Z. H., Ahmed, M. M. Z., Mukherjee, N., Khan, M. F., Pandey, K. (2014). Cyclones in a changing climate: the case of Bangladesh. Climate and Development, 6(2), 96-110. DOI:
  6. Delaporte, I., Maurel, M. (2018). Adaptation to climate change in Bangladesh. Climate Policy, 18(1), 49-62. DOI:
  7. Durbin, A., Bowden, G. (2021). COP26: UK pledges £290m to help poorer countries cope with climate change. BBC.
  8. Huq, S. (2021, 23 October). Climate response needs more investment in scientific research. The Daily Star.
  9. Huq, S. (2021, 1 December). What did COP26 do to deal with loss and damage? The Daily Star.
  10. Kaya, A., Stoetzer, O. (2021, 16 November). The 100 Billion Dollar Question: COP26 Glasgow and Climate Finance. Global Policy.
  11. Kraemer, D., Whitwell, J. (2021). Climate change: Four things you can do about your carbon footprint. BBC.
  12. Mehta, S., Kumar, V. (2019). Perils of climate change in the Bay of Bengal: India-Bangladesh in perspective. Journal of the Indian Ocean Region, 15(3), 363-372. DOI:
  13. Meyer, J. L., Helfman, G. S. (1993). The Ecological Basis of Sustainability. Ecological Applications, 3(4), 569-571. 10.2307/1942082
  14. O’Grady, J. P. (2003). How Sustainable is the Idea of Sustainability? Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment, 10(1), 1–10. DOI:
  15. Reality Check Team. (2021). Climate change: What are the big polluters doing to cut carbon emissions? BBC News.
  16. What is climate change? (2021). What is climate change? A really simple guide. BBC News.


Download data is not yet available.