Livelihood Diversification in Rural India

Main Article Content

Hemant Patidar
Satheesh Chothodi

Abstract

This study aims to ascertain the level of livelihood diversification and examines the socio-economic contexts of livelihood diversification in rural India. Employing data from India Human Development Survey (IHDS-II), 2011-12, an Inverse Herfindhal-Harschman Diversity Index (IHHDI) was calculated incorporating eleven income sources (livelihood strategies). In addition, the contribution of each strategy in households’ total income has been calculated. Furthermore, binary logistic regression was applied to predict the households’ engagement in each livelihood strategy and the likelihood of high IHHDI. Results indicate that the higher livelihood diversifications were found among the households with large size, high dependency, lower social groups, low educated, landless, marginal and small farming, and economically poor. This study also highlights the significance of diversification strategies in raising households’ income. It is suggested that broadened policy support is required to promote diversification for economic development in rural India.

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How to Cite
Patidar, H., & Chothodi, S. (2021). Livelihood Diversification in Rural India. Space and Culture, India, 9(3), 32-44. https://doi.org/10.20896/saci.v9i3.1206
Section
Research
Received 2021-07-04
Accepted 2021-11-24
Published 2021-11-30

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