The Story of Turkestan: Ethnic Distinction of Kazakhs in European Written Sources

Main Article Content

Seidekhan Alibek
Saken Kosanbaev
Sarsebay Karibaev
Beknur Izenbaev
Aysha Begalievaa

Abstract

This research aims to examine the ethnographic data about the Kazakh ethnic group from the European sources of the middle XIII to early XX centuries. The study uses problem-chronological and comparative-historical analyses to process data published by European travellers, merchants, soldiers and scientists. The European works contain factual inaccuracies, unverified information and speculations. Their quality has improved since the XVIII century though. The findings of European explorers allow a better understanding of the ethnogenesis of Kazakhs and their transition to statehood. Data available in these sources will help find the historical roots of contemporary ethnic and inter-ethnic problems in Kazakhstan and Central Asia. The present study allowed a look at the past life of Kazakh people and their ethnic distinction in Turkestan through the lens of European mentality.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Alibek, S., Kosanbaev, S., Karibaev, S., Izenbaev, B., & Begalievaa, A. (2020). The Story of Turkestan: Ethnic Distinction of Kazakhs in European Written Sources . Space and Culture, India, 8(1), 218-224. https://doi.org/10.20896/saci.v8i1.659
Section
Perspective

References

Aubakirova, K., Jubatova, B., Mustafayeva, A., Mukhitdinov, R., & Zhiyekbayeva, A. (2015). Written Manuscripts in Ancient Kipchak Language of 13-15th Centuries and their Research Problems in Kazakhstan. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 6(5), 575-581. https://doi.org/10.36941/mjss.2015.v6n5s1p575
Boltin, I. (1788). Notes on the History of Ancient and Modern Russia by Mr. LeClerc. St-Petersburg: Mining School Printing House.
Brooks, N. (2008). The Story of Marco Polo. New York: Cosimo Inc.
Bugybaykizi, B. Z., Ushtanovna, Z. L., Rahmetovna, K. A., Tileubergenovna, S. S., Akzholovich, B. T., & Ongarbekovna, B. G. (2015). Ethnographiс Development of Kazakh Toponymy. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 6(4), 462-466. https://doi.org/10.5901/mjss.2015.v6n4s1p462
Castagné, J. A. (1921). Les tamgas des Kirghizes, Kazaks. Paris: E. Leroux.
Chan, Y. K. (2016). The Greater Game: Qing China in Central Eurasia. History Compass, 14(6), 264-274. https://doi.org/10.1111/hic3.12314
Donelli, T. (2012). Ferghana as FATA? A post-2014 strategy for Central Asia. Army War Coll Carlisle Barracks PA. Retrieved from https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a561667.pdf
Falk, I. P. (1825). News of the Kyrgyz steppe. In Complete collection of scientific travels to Russia. Vol. 7. (pp. 5-28). Saint-Petersburg: Imperial Academy of Sciences.
Fingar, T. (Ed.). (2016). The new great game: China and South and Central Asia in the era of reform. Redwood City: Stanford University Press.
Georgi, J. G. (1776). Beschreibung aller Nationen des Russischen Reichs, ihrer Lebensart, Religion, Gebräuche, Wohnungen, Kleidung und übrigen Merkwürdigkeiten (Description of all nations of the Russian Empire, their way of life, religion, customs, homes, clothing and other peculiarities). Saint-Petersburg: Müller.
Hedin, S. (1899). In the heart of Asia. Pamir, Tibet, Eastern Turkestan. St. Petersburg: S-Pb. Univ. Devrient.
Hellwald, F. V. (1874). The Russian in Central Asia. London: Tr. Wingman.
Islam, A. (2016). The Mongol Invasions of Central Asia. International Journal of Social Science and Humanity, 6(4), 315-319. https://doi.org/10.7763/IJSSH.2016.V6.664
Karimi, M. (2015). Rivalry of global powers in Central Asia after the Cold War. Geopolitics Quarterly, 10(4), 122-148.
Karutz, R. (1910). Among the Kirgiz and Turkmen in Mangyshlak. Saint-Petersburg: St. Petersburg Publisher.
Kiynova, Z. K. K., Sansyzbayeva, S. K., Akhmetzhanova, A. I., Mussabekova, U. E., & Muratbayeva, I. S. (2018). Kazakhstan Realities in the Perception of Representatives of American Ethnolinguoculture. Space and Culture, India, 6(3), 71-81. https://doi.org/10.20896/saci.v6i3.370
Liedy, A. (2011). The Great Power Rivalry in Central Asia. Kennan Institute. Retrieved from: https://www.wilsoncenter.org/publication/the-great-power-rivalry-central-asia
Masanov, E. A. (1966). Essay on the history of ethnographic study of the Kazakh people in the Soviet Union. Almaty: Nauka.
McGlinchey, E. (2016). Leadership Succession, Great Power Ambitions, and the Future of Central Asia. Central Asian Affairs, 3(3), 209-225. https://doi.org/10.1163/22142290-00303001
Menon, R. (2011). The New Great Game in Central Asia. Survival, 45(2), 187-204. https://doi.org/10.1080/00396338.2003.9688581
Meyendorff, G. (1885). The journey from Orenburg to Bakhara. Turkestan Collection. Almaty: Nauka.
Morrison, A. (2015). Peasant Settlers and the ‘Civilising Mission’in Russian Turkestan, 1865–1917. The Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History, 43(3), 387-417. https://doi.org/10.1080/03086534.2014.941166
Patnaik, A. (2016). Central Asia: Geopolitics, Security and Stability. Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315636894
Rockhill, W. W. (2017). The Journey of William of Rubruck to the Eastern Parts of the World, 1253-55: As Narrated by Himself. With Two Accounts of the Earlier Journey of John of Pian de Carpine. London: Hakluyt Society. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315556420
Starr, F. (2015). Lost enlightenment : Central Asia’s golden age from the Arab conquest to Tamerlane (Reprint ed). Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Tatishchev, V. N. (1769). History of Russia since ancient times. Moscow: Book on Demand Ltd.
Ujfalvy de Mezőkövesd, K. J. (2006). Syrdarya Zeravshan. The country of seven rivers and Western Siberia. In History of Kazakhstan in Western sources of XII-XX centuries. (p. 179). Almaty: Sanat.
Zhanbossinova, A. S., Karibaev, M., Atantayeva, B., Kulshanova, A., & Shaimerdenova, M. (2019). Socio-Cultural Adaptation of Repatriates of East Kazakhstan and Migration Attitudes of the Kazakhs of Mongolia. Space and Culture, India, 7(1), 154-169. https://doi.org/10.20896/saci.v7i1.414