The Voices of Male Nurses in Kerala: Career Choice and Satisfaction

Main Article Content

Cinoj George
Feyza Arman Bhatti

Abstract

There are more male nurses than ever before in India. While there is a large number of studies that focus on the differences in working conditions between male and female nurses and perceptions towards male nurses in western contexts, these studies are almost non-existent in highly patriarchal contexts like India. Utilising twenty semi-structured interviews with male nurses in three cities of Kerala, geospatially located in South India, this research aims at exploring the reasons why male nurses select the profession and their gendered experiences during their career paths. The research argues that male nurses select the profession for increasing their chances to migrate to industrialised countries like Australia and the United Kingdom. However, they face various social and work-related impediments in their career, which include negative perceptions of families and others towards the profession, the discrimination faced in terms of occupational segregation at the workplace, negative perceptions towards their manhood and the difficulties in finding a bride. Male nurses, if unsuccessful in migrating abroad, are not committed to remaining in the profession, particularly after their “shelf-lives” are over. In this case, they are highly likely to move to other professions or migrate to second-option countries in the Middle East. This emerges as a concern for India which is in dire need of nurses and highlights that Indian and State governments need to take prompt actions that would eliminate the stereotypes concerning male nurses, improve the working conditions and reduce discrimination towards male nurses, and in general to include more men in mainstream nursing.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
George, C., & Arman Bhatti, F. (2019). The Voices of Male Nurses in Kerala: Career Choice and Satisfaction . Space and Culture, India, 7(3), 115-126. https://doi.org/10.20896/saci.v7i3.492
Section
Research

References

Abraham, B. (2004). Women nurses and the notion of their `empowerment’. Discussion Paper No. 88. Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India: Centre for Development Studies.
Andrews, M. E., Stewart, N. J., Morgan, D. G., & D’Arcy, C. (2012). More alike than different: A comparison of male and female RNs in rural and remote Canada. Journal of Nursing Management, 20, 561-570.
Arnold, D. (1993). Colonizing the body: State medicine and epidemic disease in nineteenth-century India. London: University of California Press.
Black, P. M. (2014). Professional nursing: concepts & challenges, 7th edition. Missouri: Elsevier.
Boughn, S. (2001). Why women and men choose nursing. Nursing and Health Care Perspectives, 22(1), 14-19.
Brown, B., Nolan, P., & Crawford, P. (2000). Men in nursing, ambivalence in care, gender and masculinity. International History Nursing Journal, 5(3), 4-13.
Coomber, B., & Barriball, K. L. (2007). Impact of job satisfaction components on intent to leave and turnover for hospital-based nurses: A review of the research literature. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 44, 297-314.
Cross, S. (2002). ‘Girls’ jobs for the boys: Men in non-traditional occupations’. Gender, Work and Organization, 9(2), 204-226.
Duffin, C. (2006). Lack of training in intimate care adds to male nurses’ isolation. Nursing Standard, 20(52), 10.
Evans, J.A. (1997). Men in nursing: Issues of gender, segregation and hidden advantage. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 26(2), 226-231.
Flyvberg, B. (2006). Five misunderstandings about case study research. Qualitative Inquiry, 12 (2), 219-245.
Gill, R. (2014). International migration of skilled health workers: A case study of Indian nurses. Unpublished Doctoral Thesis, Jawaharlal Nehru University.
GOI [Government of India]. (1929). Triennial report on the working of the civil hospitals and dispensaries in the Madras Presidency for the years 1926, 1927 and 1928. Madras: Superintendent, Government of India, Government Press.
Halloran, E. J., & Welton, J. M. (1994). Why aren’t there more men in nursing? In J. McCloskey, H. Grace (Eds.) Current issues in nursing, 4th ed. Mosby-Year Book, St Louis; 1994.
Harding, T., North, N., & Perkins, R. (2008). Sexualizing men's touch: male nurses and the use of intimate touch in clinical practice. Research and Theory for Nursing Practice, 22(2), 88-102.
Jaggi, O. P. (2001). Nursing profession in India. In O. P. Jaggi, & D. Chattopadhyaya (eds), Medicine in India: Modern Period History of Science, Philosophy and Culture in Indian Civilization (Vols. IX, part 1, pp. 203-212). New Delhi: PHISPC Centre for Studies in Civilization.
Jinks, A.M., & Bradley, E. (2004). Angel, handmaiden, battle-axe or whore? A study which examines changes in newly recruited student nurses’ attitudes to gender and nursing stereotypes. Nurse Education Today, 24(2), 121-127.
LaRocco, S. A. (2007). A grounded theory study of socializing men into nursing. Journal of Men’s Studies, 15(2), 120-129.
Masters, K. (2009). Role development in professional nursing practice (2nd ed), London: Jones and Bartlett.
Meadus, R. J., & Twomey, J. (2011). Men student nurses: The nursing education experience, Nursing Forum, (4), 269-273. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1744-6198.2011.00239.x/epdf.
Meadus, R. J., & Twomey, J. (2016). Men nurses in Atlantic Canada: Career choice, barriers, and satisfaction. Journal of Men’s Studies, 24(1), 78–88.
Nair, S. (2007). Rethinking Citizenship, Community and Rights: The Case of Nurses from Kerala in Delhi. Indian Journal of Gender Studies, 14(1), 137-156.
Nair, S., & Healey, M. (2006). A Profession on the Margins: Status Issues in Indian Nursing. Delhi: CWDS.
Noordyk, W. (1921). Nursing in India. The American Journal of Nursing, 21(5), 28-40.
O’Lynn, C. E. (2004). Gender based barriers for male students in nursing education. Journal of Nurse Education, 43(5), 229-236. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15152800.
Official statistical information. (2016, 3 March). Retrieved on 15 June 2019 from, http:// https://mohfw.gov.in/documents/staistics
Oommen, T. K. (1978). Doctors and nurses. Delhi: Macmillon Company of India.
Polkinghorne, D. (2005). Language and meaning: data collection in qualitative research. Journal of Counselling Psychology, 52, 137–145.
Raghavachari, R. (1990). Conflicts and adjustments: Indian nurses in an urban milieu. Delhi: Academic Foundation.
Simpson, R. (2004). Masculinity at work: The experiences of men in female dominated occupations. Work, Employment and Society, 18(2), 349–68.
Stott, A. (2007). Exploring factors affecting attrition of male students from an undergraduate nursing course: A qualitative study. Nurse Education Today, 27(4), 325-332.
Subedi, M. (2013). Some theoretical considerations on caste. Dhaulagiri Journal of Sociology and Anthropology, 7, 51-54.
Thomas, P. (2006). International migration of Indian nurses. International Nursing Review, 53(4), 277–283.
Toh, S. G., Ang, E., & Devi, M. K. (2012). Systematic review on the relationship between the nursing shortage and job satisfaction, stress, and burnout levels among nurses in oncology/ haematology settings. International Journal of Evidence-Based Healthcare, 10, 126-141.
Walton-Roberts, M. (2012). Contextualizing the global nursing care chain: International migration and the status of nursing in Kerala, India. Global Networks, 12(2), 175-194.