Impact of Gender Equality on Socio-Economic Development of Kazakhstan

  • Aizhan Mukhamadiyeva Kazakhstan Innovative University
  • Assiya Agumbayeva S. Seifullin Kazakh Agrotechnical University
  • Kuanysh Alpysbayev Kazakhstan Innovative University
  • Kapura Ramazanova Kazakhstan Innovative University
  • Gulnur Abenova Kazakhstan Innovative University
  • Raigul Duiskenova University of Foreign Languages and Business Carrier
Keywords: Gender Equality, Gender Gap Index, Gender Inequality Index, Gender Equality Index, Kazakhstan


Achieving gender equality in the 21st Century is one of the global priorities of every state. The Republic of Kazakhstan on its way of development also focuses on this problem, because gender equality is the basis for the economic and social development of the state. International organisations prepare reports reflecting indices (gender gap index, gender inequality index, gender development index and others) which characterise the state of equality between men and women in different countries. It was established that Kazakhstan had practically reached gender equality at the stage of education. Even the first steps towards market reforms showed the unequal impact of the socio-economic transformation on the position of men and women in society. The transition to the market was followed, on the one hand, by the curtailment of social programmes and the social sphere, and on the other hand, by an increase of labour force requirements. Under these conditions, women, who traditionally bear family care, were more disadvantaged than men, both in the family and in the workplace. Democratic reforms in the post-Soviet societies created the conditions for more active participation of women in the political and economic life of the country, securing them more rights and freedoms, yet there has been a sharp deterioration in the status of women, an increase of female unemployment, the feminisation of poverty, the displacement of women in the informal economy and increase of domestic labour. Determined that the Gender Gap Index affects the gross domestic product per capita which is one of the indicators characterising the economic condition of the state. The greater the gender gap index is, the smaller is the inequality between the sexes and the higher GDP per capita is. The article presents a correlation-regression analysis which characterises the interrelation of gender equality indicators with economic indicators.


Abdullah, H. (2010). Forging Ahead without an Affirmative Action Policy: Female Politicians in Sierra Leone’s Post-War Electoral Process. IDS Bulletin, 41(5), 62-71.
Abramova, I. E., Ageeva, N. A., Shapoval, G. N., Lysenko, K. N., Samofalova, M. V. (2018). Russia-India: Indian students’ adaptation in Russian universities in the context of the dialogue of civilizations and cultures. Periodico Tche Quimica, 15(30), 87-94.
Atanelishvili, T., & Silagadze, A. (2018). Formation of economic views in the ancient era. Bulletin of the Georgian National Academy of Sciences, 2(1), 191-196.
Bachelet, M. (2016, 27 January 27). Michelle Bachelet, President of Chile, "I put a person in the center of everything". Retrieved on 25 March 2019 from,
Bhattacharyya, R. (2016). Balancing Motherhood and Career in STEM Jobs. Journal Space and Culture, India, 3(3), 28-31.
Boatsman, I. (2009). Women and men: unequal rules in the "gender field". Moscow, Russian Federation: Tsentr Gendernykh Issledovaniy.
Colebatch, H. K. (2018). The idea of policy design: Intention, process, outcome, meaning and validity. Public Policy and Administration, 33(4), 365–383.
Convention on the elimination of all forms of discrimination against women. (1992, April). Retrieved on 19 April 2019 from,
Council of Europe, Gender Equality Commission, Gender Equality Glossary, Gender Equality. (2016, March). Equality Between Women and Men. Retrieved on 21 April 2019 from,
Economic Impact of Reducing Gender Gap, International Labour Organisation. (2017). Retrieved on 24 April 2019 from,
European Institute for Gender Equality, Gender Mainstreaming, Concepts and definitions, Gender Equality. (2019). Retrieved on 18 March 2019 from,
Goldman, S. (2018). When Women Lead. Retrieved on 18 March 2019 from,
Grigorieva, N. S., & Chubarova, T. V. (2013). Modern health care: politics, economics, management. Moscow, Russian Federation: Avtorskaya akademiya.
Index of the Gender Gap According to the World Economic Forum. (2018, 23 April). Humanitarian Encyclopedia. Retrieved on 29 March 2019 from,
International Labour Organisation, Gender Equality in the CIS: Overview. Retrieved on 15 April 2019 from,
Ki-moon, B. (2017). Report of the Secretary-General on the Organisation's Work. Retrieved on 23 April 2019 from,
Klasen, S. (2002). Low schooling for girls, slower growth for all? Cross‐country evidence on the effect of gender inequality in education on economic development. The World Bank Economic Review, 16 (3), 345-373
List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita. (2018). Retrieved on 30 April 2019 from,Список_стран_по_ВВП_(ППС)_на_душу_населения.
Maydyrova, A. B., & Berdibekova, A. Sh. (2014). Gender Equality Issues in the Nation's Human Capital. Bulletin of KarSU. Retrieved on 19 April 2019 from,
Mishchenko, V., Naumenkova, S., Mishchenko, S., & Ivanov, V. (2018). Inflation and economic growth: The search for a compromise for the Central Bank’s monetary policy. Banks and Bank Systems, 13(2), 153-163.
Sarbayeva, R. E. (2005). Gender policy of international organizations in solving problems of peace and security. Bulletin of the Kazakh National University named after Al-Farabi. Series of international Relations and International Law, 1(69), 108-116.
Shtyleva, M. V. (2012). Implementing gender equality policies in the Nordic countries. Woman in Russian Society, 1, 67-80.
Silagadze, A. (2018). Some aspects of economic ideas in Shota Rustaveli’s “the knight in the panther skin”. Bulletin of the Georgian National Academy of Sciences, 12(1), 161-167.
Singh, S. (2016). The Maternity Benefit (Amendment) Bill, 2016: A Critical Analysis. Journal Space and Culture, India, 4(2), 22-28.
Stoller, R. (2016). Perversion. An Erotic Form of Hatred. Moscow: ERGO.
The UN Women Training Center’s Glossary. Retrieved on 19 April 2019 from,
United Nations, Goal 5: Achieve Gender Equality and Empower All Women and Girls. (2016). Retrieved on 24 April 2019 from,
Ushakov, D., Bandurina, N., & Shkodinsky, S. (2017a). Country’s welfare as an efficiency factor in fiscal policy promoting economic growth. Montenegrin Journal of Economics, 13(2), 30-56.
Ushakov, D. S. (2011). The problems of country's innovative capacity and investment attractiveness growth synchronization. Research Journal of Business Management, 5(4), 159-169.
Ushakov, D., Akhmetova, S. G., & Nevskaya, L. V. (2017b). Economic growth and environmental performance: Correlation issues and future priorities. International Journal of Ecological Economics and Statistics, 38(4), 164-172.
Van, H. T., Huu, A. T., & Ushakov, D. (2017). Liberal reforms and economic growth: Current issues and interrelations. Journal of International Studies, 10(4), 109-118.
What is Gender Equality? Retrieved on 15 April 2019 from,
World Economic Forum. (2017). The Global Gender Gap Report 2017. Retrieved on 27 April 2019 from,
Yaroshenko, S. (2015). Local Contexts of the Global Problem of Poverty Feminisation. Samara, Russian Federation: Publishing House of Samara University.
Zadorozhnyaya, E. K., & Naidenko, I. S. (2016). Gender equality and economic growth: Interconnection of indicators. Basic Research, 11(4), 787-791.
Zdravomyslova, Ye., & Temkina, A. (2007). Russian Gender Order: A Sociological Approach. Saint-Petersberg, Russian Federation: European Institute in Saint-Petersburg.
How to Cite
Mukhamadiyeva, A., Agumbayeva, A., Alpysbayev, K., Ramazanova, K., Abenova, G., & Duiskenova, R. (2019). Impact of Gender Equality on Socio-Economic Development of Kazakhstan. Space and Culture, India, 7(2), 3-14.