MGNREGA Vis-Ã -Vis Tribal Livelihoods: A Study in Kurung Kumey District of Arunachal Pradesh
Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) is considered as a â€œPanaceaâ€ for eradicating rural poverty and unemployment. Its objectives are: (a) provide, on demand, not less than one hundred days of unskilled manual work in a financial year to every household in rural areas; (b) create productive assets of prescribed quality and durability through wage employment; (b) strengthen the livelihood resource base of the rural poor; (c) proactively ensure social inclusion; and (d) strengthen Panchayat Raj Institutions.
Arunachal Pradesh, one of the eight north-eastern states of India is a rural-based state where the majority of the population depends on agriculture. In this context, the rural employment guarantee programme has played a significant role in alleviating rural poverty by giving them 100 days guaranteed job in a year. In the state, National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) during 2006 was initially launched only in one district and was further extended to two more districts the next financial year in 2007. Currently, the programme is being implemented in all the 16 districts of the state barring few recently created districts. While some districts in Arunachal Pradesh are performing very well; some others are worst performers,and Kurung Kumey is one of the worst performing districts of the state regarding implementing this programme.
Thus, the present study attempts to critically examine the implementation process of this programme and its impact on tribal livelihoods that is, to what extent MGNREGA has given justice in sustaining the livelihoods of poor tribal communities in a Panchayat of Kurung Kumey district, Arunachal Pradesh. The study reveals that there is little impact of MGNREGA on tribal livelihoods. The faulty implementation strategy has ruined the spirit of this programme. Religion and street biases and favouritism in case of distribution of job cards, the dominance of dominant families, poor leadership and improper coordination among the stakeholders have stood as significant hurdles in this programme.
Bit, J., and Banerjee, S. (2013). Livelihood dependence, traditional knowledge conservation, and sustainable forest management: A study on Birbhum forest division, West Bengal. Arthaniti, 12 (1 & 2), 1-27.
Borah, K., and Bordoloi, R. (2014). MGNREGA and its impact on daily waged women workers: A case study of Sonitpur of Assam. IOSR Journal of Economics and Finance, 4(4), 40-44.
Chatterjee, S. (2017). Rural development schemes/yojanas focusing on first common review mission: A discussion. Journal for Studies in Management and Planning, 3 (6), 113-120.
Das, D. (2012). Examining Indiaâ€™s Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA): Its impact and womenâ€™s participation.International Journal of Research in Management, 2(6), 209-218.
Didde, S.R., and Muthaiyan, P. (2013). Employment generation under MGNREGA in tribals Andhra Pradesh: Testimony of five years. IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 9(4), 55-64.
Gupta, T. (2014). MGNREGA and empowerment of disadvantaged groups. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Educational Research, 3(6,1), 229-245.
Holmes, R., Sadana, N., and Rath, S. (2010). Gendered risks, poverty and vulnerability in India: Case study of the Indian Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (Madhya Pradesh). London: Overseas Development Institute.
Holmes, R., Sadana, N., and Rath, S. (2011). An opportunity for change? Gender analysis of the Mahatma Gandhi NationalRural Employment Guarantee Act (Project BriefingNo. 53). London: Overseas Development Institute.
Koyu, B., Sarkar, A., Singh, R., & Singh, R.J. (2017). Is MGNREGA myth for Arunachal Pradesh? Field evidence. Economic Affairs, 62(2), 313-319. DOI: 10.5958/0976-4666.2017.00014.6.
Menon, P. and Dixit, D. (2013). Starving India: Food security vis-Ã -vis right to food in Indian context. OIDA International Journal of Sustainable Development, 6 (9), 47-57.
Mishra, P., Behera, B., and Nayak, N. C. (2010). A development delivery institution for the tribal communities: Experience of the national rural employment guarantee scheme in India. Development Policy Review, 28 (4), 457-479.
Ramya, T. (2014). Socio-economic development of Arunachal Pradesh: A study-based reflection from Nyishi tribal village. In Anupam Hazra (ed.), Sustaining development in North-Eastern India: Emerging issues, challenges, and policy measures (pp. 159-187). New Delhi: Concept Publishing Company Pvt. Ltd.
Rengasamy, K., and Kumar, B. S. (2011).State level performance of MGNREGA in India: A comparative study. International Multidisciplinary Research Journal, 1(10), 36-40.
Sissal, T., Sharma, A. (2014). A study on knowledge and perceptions of beneficiaries towards MGNREGA in Doimukh panchayat of Papum Pare district.International Journal of Advance Research in Computer Science and Management Studies, 2(10), 13-18.
Copyright (c) 2018 Tame Ramya
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (SeeÂ The Effect of Open Access).