Analysis of Migration Processes and Recommendations on Regulation of Internal Migration from Southern to Northern Regions of Kazakhstan

Main Article Content

Kairat Bodaukhan
Aruzhan Jussibaliyeva
Raushan Mussina
Darima Zhenskhan
Zhanerke Kochiigit
Indira Amerkhanova

Abstract

Migration data is a useful tool for creating a single internal economic space that is harmoniously integrated with the global economy by helping to create conditions for the growth of economic and business activity of economic entities. Migration processes, primarily labour migration, are among the significant factors affecting the socio-economic situation both in the country as a whole and in its regions. This study discusses the following issues: state regulation of migration processes; statistical analysis and interpretation of data on internal migration from labour-surplus to labour-deficient regions. In order to achieve the objectives, the study uses statistical data on the inter-regional migration in the country; World Health Organization’s (WHO’s) indicators of social welfare; International Labour Organization’s (ILO’s) unemployment assessment; the dynamics of demographic processes in society. Following the findings, the study presents recommendations on the regulation of internal migration from southern to northern regions of Kazakhstan. Thus, the research results can be implemented when developing regulatory legal acts, migration management programmes, etc. The findings of this study can be used as a basis for assessing the dynamics of the social well-being of migrants in Central Asia.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Bodaukhan, K., Jussibaliyeva, A., Mussina, R., Zhenskhan, D., Kochiigit, Z., & Amerkhanova, I. (2020). Analysis of Migration Processes and Recommendations on Regulation of Internal Migration from Southern to Northern Regions of Kazakhstan . Space and Culture, India, 8(2), 194-206. https://doi.org/10.20896/saci.vi0.802
Section
Perspective

References

Adams, O. Y. (2018). Migration in Kazakhstan after 1991: Official Responses to Trends and Contentions. Journal of Tzu Chi University of Science and Technology, 7, 71-113.
Aldashev, A, & Dietz, B (2014). Economic and spatial determinants of interregional migration in Kazakhstan. Economic Systems, 38, 379-396. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecosys.2013.10.004
Bastau Training Program (2016). Retrieved from: https://atameken.kz/ru/pages/833-metodika
Bodauhan, K., & Jussibaliyeva, A. K. (2018a). The main aspects of state regulation of migration processes in the Republic of Kazakhstan. Economics and Statistics, 2, 113-123.
Bodauhan, K., & Jussibaliyeva, A. K. (2018b). The impact of migration processes on employment in agriculture of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Problems of the Agricultural Market, 1, 171-178.
Bodauhan, K., Jussibaliyeva, A. K., & Bolatova, B. Zh. (2019a). Problems of internal migrations and employment in the agrarian sector of Kazakhstan. Problems of the Agricultural Market, 1, 171-180.
Bodauhan, K., Jussibaliyeva, A. K., & Kochyigit, Zh. (2019b). Recommendations on the regulation of migration and resettlement of the population from southern to northern regions of Kazakhstan (based on materials from the North Kazakhstan region). Astana: Profi-Media.
Committee on Statistics of the Ministry of National Economy of the Republic of Kazakhstan (2019). Retrieved from: http://stat.gov.kz
Department for Coordination of Employment and Social Programs of the North Kazakhstan Region (2019). Retrieved from: http://ukzsp.sko.gov.kz/
Fierman, W. (2019). Soviet Central Asia: the failed transformation. Routledge.
Gang, I. N., & Schmillen, A. (2017). Sometimes, winners lose: Economic disparity and indigenization in Kazakhstan. Journal of Comparative Economics, 45(3), 605-621. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jce.2016.11.002
Geddes, A., Espinoza, M. V., Abdou, L. H., & Brumat, L. (2019). The Dynamics of Regional Migration Governance. Edward Elgar Publishing.
Girkar, U., Jaiswal, P., Nigam, A., & Arora, T. (2019). Understand the effect of environmental and structural migration factors on the sexual and reproductive health of youth in central Asia and Africa: a modelling study. The Lancet Planetary Health, 3, S3. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2542-5196(19)30146-9
Ministry of Labour and Social Protection of Population of the Republic of Kazakhstan (2019). The concept of migration policy of the Republic of Kazakhstan for 2017-2021. Retrieved from: www.enbek.gov.kz
Nikolova, M., & Graham, C. (2015). In transit: The well-being of migrants from transition and post-transition countries. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 112, 164-186. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jebo.2015.02.003
Ravenstein, E. G. (1885). The Laws of Migration. Journal of the Statistical Society of London, 48(2), 167-235. https://doi.org/10.2307/2979181
Roche, S. (2018). Status translation: Central Asian migrants between ethnic discrimination and religious integration. Anthropological Journal of European Cultures, 27(1), 94-98. https://doi.org/10.3167/ajec.2018.270114
Ryazantsev, S. V., Khramova, M. N., & Delovarova, L. F. (2018). Kazakhstan as a Migration Hub of Eurasia: Contribution of Migration to Sustainable Development. Retrieved from: http://www.isprras.ru/pics/File/2018/InformLetter_Kazakhstan_16Oct2018_engl.pdf
Shakhaman, Z., Taskuzhina, A., & Kudritskaya, M. (2018). International Migration (1991-2017) and Environment: Experience of Kazakhstan. In Integration of the Scientific Community to the Global Challenges of Our Time (pp. 14-22). Materials of the III International Scientific-Practical Conference. Pavlodar: Public Fund "Regional Academy of Management".
Tobler, W. (1995). Migration: Ravenstein, Thornthwaite and Beyond. Urban Geography, 16(4), 327-343. https://doi.org/10.2747/0272-3638.16.4.327
Workforce Development Centre (2019). Retrieved from: http://iac.enbek.kz