Albtach, P.G., & Knight, Jane (2007). The Internationalisation of Higher Education: Motivations and Realities, Journal of Studies in International Education, 11(374), 290-305
Albatch, P.G. (2009). The Giants Awake: Higher Education Systems in China and India”, Economic and Political Weekly, 44(23), 39-51
Agarwal, Pawan (2012 ). A Half-Century of Indian Higher Education: Essays by Philip G Altbach, New Delhi: SAGE Publications.
Altbach, P., & Jayaram, N. (2008). Towards Creation of World Class Universities. The Hindu, 23 October.
Giddens, A. (2000). Runaway World: How Globalization Is Reshaping Our Lives. New York: Routledge
Goddard, B. (2011). Future Perspectives: Horizon 2025. In Davis, D., & Mackintosh, B. (eds). Making a Difference: Australian International Education. New South Publishing, Sydney, pp. 396-414.
Hawawini, G. (2016). Future of Outward Higher Education Internationalisation, World University News, Issue No 447 February 17, 2017.
Knight, Jane (2004). Internationalisation Remodelled: Definition, Approaches, and Rationales, Journal of Studies in International Education, 8(1), 5-31
Knight, Jane. (2005). Commercial Cross Border Education: Implications for Financing Higher Education, Higher Education in the World, 2006: The Financing of Universities, Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke, 103-112.
Knight , Jane (2006). Internationalisation of HE: New Directions, New Challenges: The 2005 IUA Global Survey Report. Paris: International Association of Universities
Knight, Jane (2008). Higher Education in Turmoil: The Changing World of Internationalization. Rotterdam, Netherlands: Sense.
Knight, J. (2012). Internationalisation: ‘Three Generations of Cross Border Higher Education’, Paper Presented at India International Centre, New Delhi, India.
Maringe, F. (2010). The Meanings of Globalization and Internationalization in HE: Findings from a World Survey. In Maringe, F., & Foskett, N. (eds) Globalization and Internationalization in Higher Education: Theoretical, Strategic and Management Perspectives. Continuum International Publishing Group, London, pp. 17-34.
MHRD, GOI (2016). Education Statistics at a Glance, available at http://mhrd.gov.in/sites/upload_files/mhrd/files/statistics/ESG2016_0.pdf [accessed on 12 May 2017]
MHRD, GOI (2016). National Policy on Education 2016: Report of the Committee for Evolution of the New Education Policy, Government of India 30/04/2016
Nye, Joseph (2002). Globalism versus Globalization: What Are The Different Spheres of Globalism – and How Are They Affected by Globalization?” available at https://www.theglobalist.com/globalism-versus-globalization/ [accessed on 21May 2017]
OECD (2015). Education at a Glance: OECD Indicators, available at http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/education-at-a-glance-2015_eag-2015-en#.WSafAGjyuUk [accessed on 12 May 2017]
Powar, K. B. (2012). Expanding Domains in Indian Higher Education. New Delhi, India: Association of Indian Universities Publications, New Delhi
Project Atlas (2013), available at: www.iie.org/en/Services/Project-Atlas/India/Indias-StudentsOverseas [accessed on 15 May 2017]
Rajkhowa, S.C. (1935) Ancient European and Indian Universities. In Sharma and Sharma (eds) Encyclopaedia of Higher Education: The Indian Perspective (Vol. 1, 1-6) Mittal Publication, New Delhi, 2005
Rajkhowa, G. (2013). Cross Border Higher Education in India: Challenges and Opportunities, International Journal of Organisational Analysis, 21(3), 471-484
Sharma, K. (2013), Sixty Years of the University Grants Commission, Establishment, Growth and Evolution. UGC, New Delhi
Tilak, J.B.G. (2010). Universities: An Endangered Species? Journal of the World Universities Forum, 3(2), 109-128.
UNESCO (2003). Education in a Multilingual World. UNESCO Education Position Paper, available at http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0012/001297/129728e.pdf [accessed on 24 May 2017]
Wildavsky , B. (2010). The Great Brain Race: How Global Universities are Reshaping the World, Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ.
Youssef, Leila (2014).Globalisation and Higher Education: from Within-Border to Cross Border, available at: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/02680513.2014.932686 [accessed on 21 May 2107].
- Abstract viewed - 596 times
- PDF downloaded - 300 times
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
© Gautam Rajkhowa, 2017
Senior Lecturer in Business Management, Newman University, Birmingham UK
How to Cite
Internationalising Indian Higher Education: Opportunities, Challenges and the Way Forward
Vol 5 No 1 (2017): Space and Culture, India
Submitted: Jun 30, 2017
Published: Jun 30, 2017
This paper examines the higher education system in India together with its status regarding internationalisation, and presents the case for the higher education sector in India to embrace internationalisation.
Starting with an overview of the academic literature around the concepts of globalisation and internationalisation, and their interrelationship particularly in the context of higher education, the paper focuses on the specific issues of Indian higher education especially within the context of internationalisation. Reviewing the current landscape of the Indian higher education sector, the paper concludes that, in the context of a globally connected world, higher education in India is characterised by asymmetry in flows and unclear policies. Recommending that the internationalisation strategy focuses on the four strands of student and programme mobility; infrastructure and policy support; development of research capability; and the employment of technology as an enabler, the paper concludes that a clear approach to internationalisation would offer the potential to secure India a formidable global standing in higher education.