Intellectual Property Rights and the Ancient Indian Perspective

Main Article Content

Janani Ganapathi Venkat Pulla

Abstract

Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) appear to be vital for the sustenance of our present society. Not only do they seem to protect the original works of creators but they also fight infringement, a major problem in today’s world. But do we really need to fear the use of our works by others? Is it right to consider knowledge as a commodity and seek recognition for it? Ancient Indian scriptures appear to suggest that people of the Indian sub-continent did not uphold the concept of ownership of bases of knowledge and believed that knowledge was to be passed down without reservations: A Parampara (tradition ) of the Guru ( the erudite teacher) and Sishya (the understudy). This article is an effort to understand the views and values of the present and past that appear consistently divergent. In this paper we also recognise the growing initiatives that call for knowledge to be freely shared through means of open licensing. In fact these initiatives across the world are indicative of a rising movement with high potential for change in people’s perspectives for a better world where knowledge is free. This paper in this context is our humble attempt to reconnect with the values of the past.

Article Details

How to Cite
GANAPATHI, Janani; PULLA, Venkat. Intellectual Property Rights and the Ancient Indian Perspective. Space and Culture, India, [S.l.], v. 3, n. 2, p. 15-24, nov. 2015. ISSN 2052-8396. Available at: <http://spaceandculture.in/index.php/spaceandculture/article/view/147>. Date accessed: 25 july 2017. doi: https://doi.org/10.20896/saci.v3i2.147.
Keywords
Intellectual property rights; Ancient India; Vedas; Creative Commons; knowledge sharing; MIT OpenCourseWare
Section
Special Articles

References

Abraham, C. M. (1999). Environmental Jurisprudence in India. The London-Leiden Series on Law, Administration and Development, Volume 2. Leiden : Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.

Achuthananda, S. (2013). Many Many Many Gods of Hinduism : Turning Believers into Non-Believers and Non-Believers into Believers. North Charleston : CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform.

Alikhan, S. & The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO). Socio-Economic Benefits of Intellectual Property Protection in Developing Countries. WIPO Publication (454). Geneva : WIPO.

Ayyar, P. V. J. (1982). South Indian Shrines : Illustrated. New Delhi : Asian Educational Services.

Bali, R. K. N. (2009) Bhagwat Geeta. New Delhi: Gyan Publishing House. 34.

Bhagavathi, Y. & Tyagaraja, S. (1995). Tyagaraja’s Naukacaritramu. Tyagaraja’s Naukacaritramu: Volume 1. Chennai: Sarvani Sangeetha Sabha Trust.

Bhuanendran, N. (1991). Interpretation of Indian Art. New Delhi : Heritage Publishers.

Biswal, M. & Biswal, D (2003). Issues Relating to Traditional Knowledge Systems and Intellectual Property Rights (IPRS). Paper presented at the 12th World Forestry Congress, Quebec. Retrieved from http://www.fao.org/docrep/article/wfc/xii/0911-a3.htm

Bose, M. (2004). The Ramayana Revisited. New York : Oxford University Press.

Brettell, C. & Reed-Danahay, D. (2011). Civic Engagements: The Citizenship Practices of Indian and Vietnamese Immigrants. California: Stanford University Press.

Brown, D. J. (2008). The Impact of Electronic Publishing : The Future for Publishers and Librarians. British Library Research. Berlin : Walter de Gruyter.

Bsnaorg. (2015). Bsnaorg. Retrieved 2 September, 2015.

Boai, 2012. (2012). Retrieved 5 September, 2015, from Http://wwwbudapestopenaccessinitiativeorg/.

Buck, W. (2000). Mahabharata. New Delhi : Motilal Banarsidass Publishers.

Calboli, I. & Ragavan, S. (2015). Diversity in Intellectual Property: Identities, Interests, and Intersections. London: Cambridge University Press.

Collins, J. W. (2011). Creative Commons License. The Greenwood Dictionary of Education. California: Greenwood Publishers.

Dalal, R. (2014). Hinduism: An Alphabetical Guide. London: Penguin UK.

Dwivedi, A (2009). Intellectual Property Rights and Its Implication on India. Retrieved from http://ssrn.com/abstract=1370742

Easwaran, E. (2010). The End of Sorrow: The Bhagavad Gita for Daily Living. The Bhagavad Gita Living Series. California: Nilgiri Press.

Eckstein, L. & Schwarz, A. eds. (2014). Postcolonial Piracy: Media Distribution and Cultural Production in the Global South. Theory for a Global Age Series. London: Bloomsbury Publishing.

Fogel, K. (2005). Producing Open Source Software: How to Run a Successful Free Software Project. California: O’Reilly Media.

Hawley, J. (2011). The Bhagavad Gita: A Walkthrough for Westerners. Novato: New World Library. xvii.

Honick, R. (2005). Software Piracy Exposed. California : Syngress, 2005.

Idris, K. (2003). Intellectual Property: A Power Tool for Economic Growth. World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) (888). Geneva: WIPO.

IPPro Services Pvt. Ltd. (2008) Traditional Knowledge. Mumbai: IPPro Inc.

Jamison, S. W. & Brereton, J. P. (2014). The Rigveda: 3-Volume Set. South Asia Research. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Kishore, B. R. (2004). Essence of Vedas. New Delhi : Diamond Pocket Books Ltd.

Klostermaier, K. K. (2010) Survey of Hinduis : Third Edition. New York : SUNY Press.

Knapp, S. (2006). The Power of the Dharma: An Introduction to Hinduism and Vedic Culture. Indiana: iUniverse.

Stephen-knappcom, S. (2015). Stephen-knappcom. Retrieved 5 September, 2015, from http://www.stephen-knapp.com/

Mittal, J. P. (2006). History of Ancient India : A New Version. New Delhi : Atlantic Publishers & Distributors.

McIntosh, J. (2008). The Ancient Indus Valley : New Perspectives. Understanding Ancient Civilizations. California : ABC-CLIO. 31.

Nair, S. N. (2009). The Lord Shiva. New Delhi : Pustak Mahal.

Pandit, B. (2005). Explore Hinduism. Explore Books Series. Whiltshire : Heart of Albion.

Prasad, R. (2005). Know the Puranas. New Delhi : Pustak Mahal.

Van De Weyer, R. (2013). 366 Readings from Hinduism. (Mumbai: Jaico Publishing House, 2013).

Saran, R. (2014). Lord Rama: Gods and Goddesses in India. New Delhi: Diamond Pocket Books.

Savvas, A. (2005). OSI Sets New Open Source Licence Rules. Computer Weekly, 8.

Sharma, M. (2007). Musical Heritage of India. New Delhi: APH Publishing.

Shippey, K. C. (2009). A short course in international intellectual property rights [electronic resource]: protecting your brands, marks, copyrights, patents, designs, and related rights worldwide. The Short Course in International Trade Series. California: World Trade Press.

Somaaya, B. (2008). Krishna – The God Who Lived As Man. New Delhi: Pustak Mahal.

Soni, K. (2007). Indigenous Knowledge and Importance. CINE Project Assignment, Ahmedabad: IIM. 1.

Sornum, K. (2010). Creative Commons. Munich: GRIN Verlag. 2.

Srinivasan (2003). Hinduism For All. Chennai: GIRI Trading Agency Pvt. Ltd. 65.

Srinivasan, A. V. (2013). Dharma : Hindu Approach to a Purposeful Life. Connecticut : Periplus Line LLC .

Strange, A. (2013). Google Unveils Open Source Online Education Software. Retrieved from http://www.pcmag.com/article2/0,2817,2409589,00.asp

Suber, P. (2012, September 12). Opening Access to Research. [Weblog]. Retrieved 5 September 2015, from https://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/voices/opening-access-research

United States: GOOGLE introduces new open source online education software course builder. (2012). Middle East and North Africa (MENA) Report.

Vladoiu, M. (2011). State-of-the-art in open courseware initiatives worldwide. Informatics in Education, 10(2), 271-294.